Beneath the Surface

Life Sciences - May 16
Life Sciences

To grow their roots, plants feel gravity - ISTA scientists take a close look. Using the force of gravity, roots weave their way through the soil to provide a plant with both structural support and essential nutrients. Anastasia Teplova from the Friml group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA) investigates the mechanism behind this process.

Chemistry - May 16

Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations

Chemistry

New chemical reaction with potential applications in medicinal chemistry

Physics - May 13

New method unravels the mystery of slow electrons

Physics

Slow electrons are used in cancer therapy as well as in microelectronics. It is very hard to observe how they behave in solids. But scientists at TU Wien have made this possible.

Innovation - May 13

Nature’s 3D printer: bristle worms form bristles piece by piece

Innovation

Better understanding of this natural formation process offers potential for technical developments.

Health - May 13

Limited efficacy of common local anaesthetic

Liposomal bupivacaine was launched on the market twelve years ago to provide long-lasting local control of pain. The medication is used as a local anaesthetic, particularly for orthopaedic operations. A research study by MedUni Vienna has now shown the limited effectiveness of the substance. The study has just been published in the journal "Anesthesiology", the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

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Life Sciences - Physics - 16.05.2024
Beneath the Surface
Beneath the Surface
To grow their roots, plants feel gravity - ISTA scientists take a close look Using the force of gravity, roots weave their way through the soil to provide a plant with both structural support and essential nutrients. Anastasia Teplova from the Friml group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA) investigates the mechanism behind this process.

Chemistry - Physics - 16.05.2024
Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations
Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations
New chemical reaction with potential applications in medicinal chemistry A team of chemists from the University of Vienna, led by Nuno Maulide, has achieved a significant breakthrough in the field of chemical synthesis, developing a novel method for manipulating carbon-hydrogen bonds. This groundbreaking discovery provides new insights into the molecular interactions of positively charged carbon atoms.

Innovation - Life Sciences - 13.05.2024
Nature's 3D printer: bristle worms form bristles piece by piece
Nature’s 3D printer: bristle worms form bristles piece by piece
Better understanding of this natural formation process offers potential for technical developments A new interdisciplinary study led by molecular biologist Florian Raible from the Max Perutz Labs at the University of Vienna provides exciting insights into the bristles of the marine annelid worm Platynereis dumerilii.

Physics - Health - 13.05.2024
New method unravels the mystery of slow electrons
New method unravels the mystery of slow electrons
Slow electrons are used in cancer therapy as well as in microelectronics. It is very hard to observe how they behave in solids. But scientists at TU Wien have made this possible. Electrons can behave very differently depending on how much energy they have. Whether you shoot an electron with high or low energy into a solid body determines which effects can be triggered.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.05.2024
Limited efficacy of common local anaesthetic
Liposomal bupivacaine was launched on the market twelve years ago to provide long-lasting local control of pain. The medication is used as a local anaesthetic, particularly for orthopaedic operations. A research study by MedUni Vienna has now shown the limited effectiveness of the substance. The study has just been published in the journal "Anesthesiology", the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

Health - 08.05.2024
Frequent salting of food increases the risk of stomach cancer
In Asian countries, where high-salt foods are popular, the link between high salt consumption and stomach cancer has already been proven. A long-term study by MedUni Vienna has now shown for the first time that this risk is also reflected in the cancer statistics in Europe. As the analysis recently published in the specialist journal "Gastric Cancer" shows, people who frequently add salt to their food are around 40 per cent more likely to develop stomach cancer than those who do not use the salt shaker at the table.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 08.05.2024
Brain organoid developed for research
The human brain is not only larger and contains more nerve cells than the control center of other species, it is also networked in a very special way: Thick bundles of nerves connect brain regions like highways over long distances, such as the left and right hemispheres of the brain. A team of researchers at IMBA, in cooperation with MedUni Vienna, has now presented the first organoid model in which these information "highways" can be studied.

Materials Science - 06.05.2024
Materials scientists are researching improvements to implants
Materials scientists are researching improvements to implants
A team of materials scientists at the University of Leoben is working on improving medical implants with the help of additive manufacturing. Their research work was recently published in the journal "Advanced Functional Materials". Dipl.-Ing. Sepide Hadibeik, Dr. Florian Spieckermann and Jürgen Eckert from the Department of Materials Science at the University of Leoben, in cooperation with the Swiss Advanced Manufacturing Center in Biel, have used an advanced process for the additive manufacturing of metallic glasses for the first time.

History / Archeology - 03.05.2024
First mother-daughter burial from the Roman period found in Austria
First mother-daughter burial from the Roman period found in Austria
Ancient grave find in Wels provides new insights through interdisciplinary research. When a grave was discovered in Wels 20 years ago, the find was thought to be the early medieval double burial of a married couple together with a horse due to its unusual characteristics. Only now has it been possible to clarify the biological sex and relationship of the buried persons using the latest archaeological technologies.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.05.2024
Immunotherapy for lung cancer effective even before surgery
Blocking "switches" of the immune system has revolutionized the treatment of patients with various metastatic cancers. In 2018, the discovery of this principle was recognized by the Nobel Prize in Medicine. An international research team has now shown that the simultaneous inhibition of two "immune switches", PD-1 and LAG-3, can lead to the killing of lung cancer cells after just a few weeks.

Health - 02.05.2024
Underestimated risk of lung transplantation researched
Underestimated risk of lung transplantation researched
PLS (Passenger Lymphocyte Syndrome) is a potentially life-threatening risk in lung transplants that has hardly been researched and is often underestimated in clinical practice. However, the complication occurs more frequently than previously thought, as shown by a recent study at the Department of Transfusion Medicine and Cell Therapy in collaboration with the Department of Thoracic Surgery at MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.05.2024
How healthy is the aronia berry?
How healthy is the aronia berry?
Aloe vera, chia, ginger, blueberries, avocado and the like: the title "superfood" has already been awarded to many foods. It stands for fruits, seeds, vegetables and more that are said to have a particularly health-promoting effect in one or more areas due to their ingredients. One of these superfoods was researched as part of a study at the Medical University of Graz by Sandra Holasek from the Department of Immunology at the Otto Loewi Research Center: the local aronia berry and its juice.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.05.2024
Biological Timekeeping
Biological Timekeeping
New assistant professor at ISTA investigates how cells keep track of time The human body has adapted to Earth's day and night cycle.

Life Sciences - Environment - 30.04.2024
New insights into the evolution of a water-saving trait in the pineapple family
New insights into the evolution of a water-saving trait in the pineapple family
Adaptation of the photosynthetic mechanism in air plants (Tillandsia) occurs through gene duplication Researchers at the University of Vienna, along with collaborators from France, Germany, Switzerland and the USA, have achieved a major breakthrough in understanding how genetic drivers influence the evolution of a specific photosynthesis mechanism in Tillandsia (air plants).

Health - Life Sciences - 30.04.2024
Genetic test for early detection of high cardiovascular risk
Genetic test for early detection of high cardiovascular risk
Clonal haematopoiesis is a phenomenon caused by mutations in haematopoietic stem cells and can lead to blood cancer. We now know that it occurs also in people with normal blood counts, where it is associated with an increased risk of life-threatening atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A research team at the Medical University of Vienna has now developed a genetic testing procedure to detect clonal haematopoiesis, which, when used in combination with an ultrasound examination of the carotid artery, allows to identify patients at high cardiovascular risk.

Pharmacology - Health - 29.04.2024
New phytocannabinoid discovered in sweet violet
New phytocannabinoid discovered in sweet violet
Cannabinoids are endogenous hormones or naturally occurring molecules found in various plants, most commonly known as THC (?9-tetrahydrocannabinol) in cannabis plants. The therapeutic potential of these compounds is the subject of intensive research, yet their psychoactive and addictive properties stimulate intensive debate.

Environment - 29.04.2024
How can forests be reforested in a climate-friendly way?
How can forests be reforested in a climate-friendly way?
Only a few tree species are flexible enough to survive a century of rapid climate change Europe's forests have already been severely affected by climate change. Thousands of hectares of trees have already died due to drought and bark beetles. Scientists from the University of Vienna and the Technical University of Munich have now investigated which trees can be used for reforestation.

Physics - 29.04.2024
High-tech Gemstones for Nuclear Science
High-tech Gemstones for Nuclear Science
Special thorium-containing crystals, developed over many years at TU Wien, were crucial in tracking down the long-sought thorium transition. Emerald, ruby, amethyst and many other gemstones have one thing in common: they consist of a perfectly regular crystal structure into which foreign atoms are incorporated in low concentrations.

Physics - Chemistry - 29.04.2024
Atomic Nucleus Excited with Laser: A Breakthrough after Decades
Atomic Nucleus Excited with Laser: A Breakthrough after Decades
The "thorium transition", which physicists have been looking for for decades, has now been excited for the first time with lasers. This paves the way for revolutionary high precision technologies, including nuclear clocks. Physicists have been hoping for this moment for a long time: for many years, scientists all'around the world have been searching for a very specific state of thorium atomic nuclei that promises revolutionary technological applications.

Environment - Life Sciences - 26.04.2024
Biodiversity: climate becomes the main player
Biodiversity: climate becomes the main player
A recent study in the journal Science takes the most comprehensive look yet at the past and future of global biodiversity: intensive land use reduced biodiversity by up to around 10 percent over the course of the 20th century. By 2050, the climate crisis could become the main factor, alongside land use, for further losses in biodiversity.
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