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Physics - 04.03.2024
Network of quantum sensors increases precision
Network of quantum sensors increases precision
Quantum sensor technology promises even more precise measurements of physical quantities. A team led by Christian Roos at the University of Innsbruck has now compared the signals of up to 91 quantum sensors with each other and thus successfully suppressed the noise caused by interactions with the environment.

Economics - 01.03.2024
TU Graz Develops Digital Twin for Flexible Parcel Postage
TU Graz Develops Digital Twin for Flexible Parcel Postage
Non-rigid postal items with flexible packaging - such as poly bags - pose problems for logistics companies during automatic sorting. Thanks to modern simulation methods, there is now a widely applicable solution. Anyone who orders something online would like to have the parcel delivered reliably, quickly and undamaged.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.02.2024
Significant progress in bionic reconstruction of limb functions
Significant progress in bionic reconstruction of limb functions
Bionic reconstruction, in which functionless limbs are replaced by mechatronic limbs, can restore mobility and quality of life to accident patients. However, the high-resolution transmission of information from the brain to the machine remains a demanding challenge. An interdisciplinary research team led by Vlad Tereshenko and Oskar Aszmann from MedUni Vienna's Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery has now made further significant progress as part of a study.

Materials Science - Physics - 27.02.2024
TU Graz Develops Innovative Coating against Ice
TU Graz Develops Innovative Coating against Ice
The material delays the formation of ice crystals and reduces the adhesion of ice layers. Thanks to an innovative production method, the coating is very robust and adheres to numerous surfaces. Ice-repellent coatings have been around for some time, but until now they have been very sensitive and detach quite quickly from the surfaces they are meant to protect.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.02.2024
Immune system meets cancer: Checkpoint identified to fight solid tumors
Immune system meets cancer: Checkpoint identified to fight solid tumors
Checkpoint PHDGH in tumor-associated macrophages influences immune response and tumor growth A study by a scientific team from the University of Vienna and the MedUni Vienna, recently published in the top-class journal Cellular & Molecular Immunology , has a promising result from tumor research: The enzyme phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHDGH) acts as a metabolic checkpoint in the function of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and thus on tumor growth.

Mathematics - 26.02.2024
What Math Tells Us about Social Dilemmas
What Math Tells Us about Social Dilemmas
Scientists at ISTA present a new mathematic model for cooperation Human coexistence depends on cooperation. Individuals have different motivations and reasons to collaborate, resulting in social dilemmas, such as the well-known prisoner's dilemma. Scientists from the Chatterjee group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA) now present a new mathematical principle that helps to understand the cooperation of individuals with different characteristics.

Environment - Life Sciences - 23.02.2024
Global warming increases the diversity of active soil bacteria
Global warming increases the diversity of active soil bacteria
New findings enable more accurate prediction of the carbon cycle Warmer soils harbour a greater diversity of active microbes, according to a new study from researchers at the Centre for Microbiology and Environmental Systems Science (CeMESS) at the University of Vienna. The study, published in Science Advances , represents a significant shift in our understanding of how microbial activity in the soil influences the global carbon cycle and possible feedback mechanisms on the climate.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 23.02.2024
Cloud Clustering Causes More Extreme Rain
Cloud Clustering Causes More Extreme Rain
New climate model shows more extreme rainfall in the tropics with increased temperatures Understanding cloud patterns in our changing climate is essential to making accurate predictions about their impact on society and nature. Scientists at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA) and the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology published a new study in the journal Science Advances that uses a high-resolution global climate model to understand how the clustering of clouds and storms impacts rainfall extremes in the tropics.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 22.02.2024
First high-resolution record of fossil corals shows climate change
First high-resolution record of fossil corals shows climate change
Hawaii: Environmental data from shallow-water corals provide a glimpse 500,000 years into the past During the IODP Expedition 389 "Hawaiian Drowned Reefs" off the coast of Hawaii, scientists recovered a total of 426 meters of cores from the seafloor in water depths ranging from 130 to 1240 meters.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.02.2024
Baleen whales evolved a unique larynx to communicate
Baleen whales evolved a unique larynx to communicate
The new results also make it clear that human noise in the oceans severely restricts the animals The iconic baleen whales, such as the blue, gray and humpback whale, depend on sound for communication in the vast marine environment where they live. However, ever since whale song were first discovered more than 50 years ago, it remained unknown how baleen whales produce their complex vocalizations - until now.

Health - 20.02.2024
Key cells in chronic sarcoidosis uncovered
The latest research findings from MedUni Vienna provide insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying chronic sarcoidosis, a complex granulomatous disease with limited treatment options. The scientific team, led by Thomas Weichhart and Georg Stary, presents new findings that challenge the conventional understanding of the disease and proposes a new therapeutic approach.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 19.02.2024
Quantum entanglement defies weightlessness
Quantum entanglement defies weightlessness
The ÖAW and TU Vienna were able to show during a parabolic flight: A change in gravity has no influence on quantum experiments . A team from the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Vienna University of Technology was able to prove this during a flight with the European Space Agency: Quantum entanglement also works when the strength of gravity changes.

Physics - Electroengineering - 19.02.2024
Spintronics: the electronics of the future could be antiferromagnetic
Spintronics: the electronics of the future could be antiferromagnetic
It is an important step forward in spintronics: the magnetic state of certain materials can be switched using surface induced strain. All our electronics are based on electrical charges being transported from one place to another. Electrons move, current flows, signals are transmitted by applying an electrical voltage.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
Chronic fatigue syndrome: number of patients is expected to double due to long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic
Up to 80,000 people in Austria are estimated to suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as ME/CFS or myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. The number of ME/CFS patients is expected to rise drastically due to long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, research in the field has neither identified mechanisms of disease onset nor causal treatment approaches.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.02.2024
Neuronal Insights: Flash and Freeze-Fracture
Neuronal Insights: Flash and Freeze-Fracture
ISTA researchers analyze brain region using light flashes, high-pressure freezing and fracturing Fear and addiction exert significant influence within society. Managing them is often challenging, as they are driven by intricate neuronal circuits in our brains. Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms is crucial to intervene when these processes malfunction.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2024
New treatment option for heart valve insufficiency
Severe heart disease or pulmonary hypertension often lead to a leak in the tricuspid valve, the valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle. However, tricuspid regurgitation can also occur without a clearly identifiable cause. In the past, this leakage was mainly treated with medication using diuretics and, for some years now, with clips inserted into the heart valve.

Computer Science - Innovation - 13.02.2024
Artificial Intelligence as a Tool in Science
Artificial Intelligence as a Tool in Science
ISTA researchers welcome AI use in science, but remain cautious From identifying complex morphologies in the brain to analyzing the properties of storm clouds, artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are aiding several research projects employing deep learning and machine learning at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA).

Materials Science - Innovation - 12.02.2024
Artificial cartilage with the help of 3D printing
Artificial cartilage with the help of 3D printing
A new approach to producing artificial tissue has been developed at TU Wien: Cells are grown in microstructures created in a 3D printer. Is it possible to grow tissue in the laboratory, for example to replace injured cartilage? At TU Wien (Vienna), an important step has now been taken towards creating replacement tissue in the lab - using a technique that differs significantly from other methods used around the world.

Health - Psychology - 07.02.2024
Nature is particularly beneficial for people on lower income
Nature is particularly beneficial for people on lower income
Regular time spent in nature is more beneficial to the well-being of poorer than richer people Data from a representative sample of the Austrian population suggests that the relationship between nature contact and well-being is consistently stronger for people on lower than higher incomes. However, this pattern was only found when people actively visited nature and not when they merely lived near greenspaces.

Health - 07.02.2024
New findings shed light on the role of platelets in patients with cirrhosis
Next to other complications, cirrhosis is also linked to abnormalities in haemostasis. However, the role of alterations in platelet function had previously been insufficiently investigated. Now, researchers at the Medical University of Vienna have shed light on the connection between platelet function and the risk of bleeding, thrombosis or the occurrence of complications of cirrhosis.
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