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Results 1 - 20 of 29.


Psychology - 20.05.2022
Mindfulness as a key to success in psychotherapy
Mindfulness as a key to success in psychotherapy
New statistical method applied for the first time Mindfulness is the ability to focus one's attention on the present moment and to approach the resulting impressions, thoughts, and feelings with curiosity, openness, and acceptance. A team of psychologists from the University of Vienna led by Ulrich Tran now shows in a comprehensive review that the increase of mindfulness not only explains the positive effect of meditation and similar treatments on mental health, but also of psychotherapeutic treatments in which meditation plays no role at all.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.05.2022
New non-invasive method of risk assessment in liver disease
In a recent study, an interdisciplinary research team from MedUni Vienna showed that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be used as a non-invasive method for predicting complications in chronic liver disease. The scientists combined a simple risk stratification system developed at MedUni Vienna - the functional liver imaging score (FLIS) - with splenic diameter.

Physics - Life Sciences - 18.05.2022
Magnetic resonance makes the invisible visible
Magnetic resonance makes the invisible visible
Hyperpolarised water boosts signal intensities of proteins, DNA, and membranes A small group of researchers including Dennis Kurzbach from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna just published in "Nature Protocols" an advanced NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) method to monitor fast and complicated biomolecular events such as protein folding.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.05.2022
Viral infections during pregnancy affect maternal care behaviour
Viral infections during pregnancy affect the mother's brain and her postpartum care behaviour. These are the findings of a research study in a mouse model conducted at MedUni Vienna. The results were published in the leading journal "Molecular Psychiatry". There is ample data from studies in mouse models demonstrating that viral infections during pregnancy can affect the developing brain of the young in utero (in the womb) with lifelong consequences for brain function and behaviour.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.05.2022
Different subtypes defined in small cell lung cancer
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a malignant disease associated with a particularly high mortality rate. According to a new multicenter study led by MedUni Vienna and conducted in collaboration with researchers from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Sweden and the United States, SCLC can be divided into several subgroups in terms of clinical behaviour.

Life Sciences - 12.05.2022
How shark teeth can decipher evolutionary processes
How shark teeth can decipher evolutionary processes
Tooth shapes of the tiger shark: Already the embryo changes - and swallows - its teeth From embryo to turtle cracker: a team led by palaeobiologist Julia Türtscher from the University of Vienna studied the multiple changes in tooth shape in the tiger shark. The study, recently published in the Journal of Anatomy, is also central in drawing conclusions about extinct species from the myriad of preserved shark teeth in the field of palaeontology.

Environment - Life Sciences - 10.05.2022
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Cognitive capabilities in marmoset monkeys are influenced by both their personality as well as family group membership Individual traits seem to drive our learning success: for instance, conscientious individuals often show higher academic performance. A group of cognitive and behavioural biologists from University of Vienna conducted personality assessments and a battery of learning tests with common marmosets and found that such a link, intertwined with family group membership, exists in these monkeys, too.

Linguistics / Literature - 05.05.2022
How our brain influences language change
How our brain influences language change
Changes of speech sounds during the Middle Ages shed light on how we process language Our language is changing constantly. Researchers of the University of Vienna found that, over centuries, frequently occurring speech sound patterns get even more frequent. The reason for this development is that our brain can perceive, process and learn frequent, and thus prototypical sound patterns more easily than less frequent ones.

Life Sciences - 04.05.2022
How octopuses and squid have broken away from the previously known pattern of evolution
How octopuses and squid have broken away from the previously known pattern of evolution
The chromosomes of cephalopods differ greatly from those of any other group of animals Cephalopods such as octopuses and squids are fascinating animals to both scientists and the general public. Their camouflage ability, complex and highly interactive behaviors, are so unique among the animal kingdom, that they defy our knowledge and understanding we learnt from other "complex" animals, such as humans.

Innovation - Materials Science - 20.04.2022
Graz Universities Present Austria's First Micro-CT Devices for In-Situ Measurements
Graz Universities Present Austria’s First Micro-CT Devices for In-Situ Measurements
The devices can be used to non-destructively observe and measure structural changes inside materials under real operating conditions. They were presented to the public by the inter-university Graz-µCT consortium on 20 April. What happens inside a piece of concrete when it comes into contact with acid?

Health - Pharmacology - 19.04.2022
New therapeutic option for head and neck carcinomas
The various manifestations of head and neck carcinomas rank sixth in frequency worldwide and are fatal for about half a million people every year. In a quarter of cases, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and, currently, is not always treatable. A research team led by Lorenz Kadletz-Wanke from MedUni Vienna's Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery has now discovered a new therapeutic option in the context of a study.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.04.2022
Blood group as a marker for thrombosis risk in cancer patients
Blood group as a marker for thrombosis risk in cancer patients
A MedUni Vienna study found evidence that people with cancer and non-O blood group such as A, B or AB are at increased risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE), blood clots in the veins. The study was recently published in the journal "Blood Advances". VTE includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a blood clot that typically forms in the deep veins of the leg, and pulmonary embolism (PE), a life-threatening condition that occurs when a blood clot breaks free and lodges in the pulmonary arteries of the lungs.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.04.2022
Largest study of its kind links specific genes to schizophrenia
In the largest study so far conducted into schizophrenia, which included more than 320,000 participants, scientists from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC), a group of several hundred researchers from 45 countries, identified a large number of genes that may play a significant role in the disorder.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.04.2022
Omicron: Number of vaccine breakthroughs in cancer patients on the rise
For cancer patients, Covid-19 poses a particular risk due to their often compromised immune systems, weakened by therapy or disease, which is why vaccination is very important for their protection. Now, a recent study led by MedUni Vienna shows that, due to Omicron, there is an increasing number of breakthrough infections in people with cancer, especially while they are undergoing cancer therapy.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2022
Relieving symptoms in paraplegia
Up to 80% of people with a spinal cord injury suffer from spasticity. Until now, they had to choose between drugs with severe side effects or risky surgery. Mathematician and neuroscientist Ursula Hofstötter from the Medical University of Vienna developed a procedure that alleviates spasticity and also improves mobility - without any drugs or surgery.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.04.2022
Nerve Stimulation with the Help of Implantable Mini Solar Cells
Nerve Stimulation with the Help of Implantable Mini Solar Cells
An international research team has successfully developed and tested a concept in which nerves are stimulated with light pulses. The method provides considerable advantages for medicine and opens up a wide range of possible applications. Further images for download available at the end of the text The technology enables completely new types of implants that can be used to stimulate nerve cells and was developed in a joint effort by researchers from Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), the Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), the University of Zagreb and the Czech CEITEC.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.04.2022
Newly developed COVID vaccine from Austria could protect against omicron and other variants
The preclinical data for a vaccine developed at MedUni Vienna to protect against SARS-CoV-2 indicates that it is effective against all SARS-CoV-2 variants known to date, including omicron - even in those who have not yet built up any immunity as a result of vaccination (non-responders). The data from the study were recently published in the leading journal "Allergy".

Physics - Computer Science - 24.03.2022
Artificial neurons go quantum with photonic circuits
Artificial neurons go quantum with photonic circuits
Quantum memristor as missing link between artificial intelligence and quantum computing In recent years, artificial intelligence has become ubiquitous, with applications such as speech interpretation, image recognition, medical diagnosis, and many more. At the same time, quantum technology has been proven capable of computational power well beyond the reach of even the world's largest supercomputer.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 28.02.2022
Mystery solved about the origin of the 30,000-year-old Venus of Willendorf
Mystery solved about the origin of the 30,000-year-old Venus of Willendorf
New research method shows that the material likely comes from northern Italy The almost 11 cm high figurine from Willendorf is one of the most important examples of early art in Europe. It is made of a rock called "oolite" which is not found in or around Willendorf.

Computer Science - Environment - 23.02.2022
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Researchers at TU Graz have modelled an AI system for automotive radar sensors that filters out interfering signals caused by other radar sensors and dramatically improves object detection. Now the system is to be made more robust to weather and environmental influences as well as new types of interference.