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Life Sciences - Environment - 06.12.2022
Alpine bacterial strain adapts to the change of seasons
Alpine bacterial strain adapts to the change of seasons
Scientists have discovered for the first time a bacterium in Lake Gossenköllesee in Tyrol that uses two different mechanisms to obtain energy from light. This could be an adaptation to the very pronounced change of seasons in the Alps. The change of seasons is clearly noticeable in the Alps. Moderate temperatures with a high exposure to light in summer give way to months with great cold and only little sunlight in winter.

Environment - Innovation - 24.10.2022
Stable or chaos?
Stable or chaos?
Researchers discover key to predicting the future of ecosystems Whether in the gut, in the lake, in the forest or in the meadow: All over nature, a wide variety of living organisms form ecosystems. How these develop is a question that is extremely relevant in both medicine and environmental protection.

Environment - 20.09.2022
Climate history of India: Megadroughts in the monsoon area
Climate history of India: Megadroughts in the monsoon area
An international team of researchers with the participation of Innsbruck geologist Christoph Spötl was able to reconstruct the monsoon of the last millennium in northeastern India in detail for the first time using dripstones. The region with the highest precipitation on earth today once suffered several megadroughts with massive famines.

Environment - Innovation - 15.09.2022
What Makes a Building Smart?
What Makes a Building Smart?
Smart buildings are designed to increase comfort and reduce energy consumption. Gerald Schweiger, who works on intelligent energy systems at TU Graz, knows what opportunities are opening up.

Environment - 08.09.2022
Climate change threatens ice caves in Austria
Climate change threatens ice caves in Austria
Eight ice caves in four Austrian provinces: In a study, a team of geologists from the University of Innsbruck has for the first time comprehensively documented the ice losses and gains in alpine ice caves over the last 2000 years. Geologist Tanguy Racine from the University of Innsbruck warns: Especially the ice of smaller caves threatens to disappear in the near future and with it a valuable climate archive.

Environment - Chemistry - 31.08.2022
Recycling Greenhouse Gases
Recycling Greenhouse Gases
CO2 and methane can be turned into valuable products. But until now the catalysts required for such reactions quickly lose their effectiveness. TU Wien has now developed more stable alternatives. Wherever the production of harmful greenhouse gases cannot be prevented, they should be converted into something useful: this approach is called "carbon capture and utilisation".

Life Sciences - Environment - 19.08.2022
Fish deaths in the Oder: algae toxin detected in Oder water
Fish deaths in the Oder: algae toxin detected in Oder water
Scientists of the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and the University of Vienna believe that natural causes for the mass development of algae are unlikely. Recent investigations substantiate the suspicion that mass development of a toxic brackish water alga has taken place in the Oder River.

Environment - 18.08.2022
Can introduced plants also have positive effects?
Can introduced plants also have positive effects?
Scientists also investigated when alien plants successfully spread. The spread of species by humans to new regions - so-called biological invasions - has increased massively in recent decades. In two comprehensive studies, international research teams with the participation of the University of Vienna now investigated which factors are decisive for the survival of introduced plants, and whether such species can sometimes also have positive effects.

Environment - Health - 05.08.2022
Ragweed allergy: aggressiveness of pollen is determined by its place of origin and by the environment
Ragweed allergy: aggressiveness of pollen is determined by its place of origin and by the environment
The different geographic and climatic regions from which ragweed pollen originates, as well as the degree of environmental pollution, may influence the severity of allergic reactions such as hay fever and asthma. Pollen from plants in different areas exhibit different levels of aggressiveness. This is the conclusion reached by an inter-university study team led by MedUni Vienna and involving the University of Vienna and the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences.

Environment - Architecture - 24.06.2022
New Research Centre for Sustainable Construction
New Research Centre for Sustainable Construction
By Christoph Pelzl The Graz Center of Sustainable Construction was officially opened yesterday at TU Graz. Its goals are to rethink construction in its entirety, reduce environmental impacts and make the built environment climate neutral.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.06.2022
Chemical pollution threatens biodiversity
Chemical pollution threatens biodiversity
Scientists say more environmental pollutants should be considered in species protection Environmental chemical pollution threatens biodiversity. However, the complexity of this pollution remains insufficiently recognised by decision-makers - this is what international researchers led by Gabriel Sigmund from the University of Vienna and Ksenia Groh from the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) argue in the most recent issue of "Science".

Environment - Life Sciences - 10.05.2022
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Cognitive capabilities in marmoset monkeys are influenced by both their personality as well as family group membership Individual traits seem to drive our learning success: for instance, conscientious individuals often show higher academic performance. A group of cognitive and behavioural biologists from University of Vienna conducted personality assessments and a battery of learning tests with common marmosets and found that such a link, intertwined with family group membership, exists in these monkeys, too.

Computer Science - Environment - 23.02.2022
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
By Christoph Pelzl Researchers at TU Graz have modelled an AI system for automotive radar sensors that filters out interfering signals caused by other radar sensors and dramatically improves object detection. Now the system is to be made more robust to weather and environmental influences as well as new types of interference.

Environment - Pharmacology - 15.02.2022
Pharmaceutical residues in the Vienna Danube
Pharmaceutical residues in the Vienna Danube
Pollutant concentrations in rivers provide a chemical fingerprint of society Residues of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and lifestyle substances enter rivers via wastewater. A recent study shows that the concentration of such trace pollutants in the Vienna Danube is surprisingly high compared to other EU countries.

Microtechnics - Environment - 14.02.2022
TU Graz Researchers on Disaster Relief Mission
By Birgit Baustädter Forest fires, floods, falling rocks and other natural disasters are increasingly causing damage to built structures and, in the worst case, to people. TU Graz researchers are trying to help. Whether by means of rescue robots, autonomous drones or in securing structures, TU Graz researchers are involved in emergency management and disaster relief in a variety of ways.

Innovation - Environment - 25.01.2022
Will Emerging Technologies for Building Construction Help Reduce Our Contribution to Climate Change?
Will Emerging Technologies for Building Construction Help Reduce Our Contribution to Climate Change?
By Marcella Ruschi Mendes Saade An increasing number of proposed novel technologies in construction claim to be low carbon. Proper methods to estimate the emissions arising from these emerging technologies must be implemented to determine their environmental feasibility. A prospective Life Cycle Assessment study of 3D-printed concrete structures is proposed to investigate whether the technology holdsthe potential to reduce buildings' contribution to climate change.

Chemistry - Environment - 25.01.2022
Moving towards 80,000 Hours of Fuel Cell Operation and Beyond
Moving towards 80,000 Hours of Fuel Cell Operation and Beyond
By Merit Bodner Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies as viable and sustainable approaches to a renewable energy supply chain are experiencing unprecedented attention. As the industry is growing, its view is becoming increasingly holistic. Novel and innovative ways of maximising product utilisation and minimising product footprint are crucial in establishing a true alternative to conventional solutions.