news 2021

Chemistry - Jan 22
Chemistry
For years, the metal nanoparticles used in catalysts have been getting smaller and smaller. Now, a research team at TU Wien in Vienna, Austria have shown that everything is suddenly different when you arrive at the smallest possible size: a single atom.
Health - Jan 22
Health

Using mathematical image processing, scientists at the BioTechMed-Graz research cooperation have found a way to create digital twins from human hearts. The method opens up completely new possibilities in clinical diagnostics.

Paleontology - Jan 14
Paleontology

In a new study, an international research team led by Sebastian Stumpf from the University of Vienna describes an exceptionally well-preserved skeleton of the ancient shark Asteracanthus.

Environment - Jan 20
Environment

Agriculture and climate experts have warned for some years that extreme climate events including severe droughts with frequent heatwaves drop the production of major staple food crops like wheat causing a severe threat to food security.

Life Sciences - Jan 11
Life Sciences

With their expertise in microbiome research, the researchers at the Institute of Environmental Biotechnology were able to demonstrate how a specific bacterium inside the seeds of rice plants effectively and in an eco-friendly way inhibits destructive plant pathogens.


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Results 1 - 10 of 10.


Chemistry - Physics - 22.01.2021
Single atoms as a catalyst: Surprising effects ensue
Single atoms as a catalyst: Surprising effects ensue
For years, the metal nanoparticles used in catalysts have been getting smaller and smaller. Now, a research team at TU Wien in Vienna, Austria have shown that everything is suddenly different when you arrive at the smallest possible size: a single atom. Metals such as gold or platinum are often used as catalysts.

Health - Computer Science - 22.01.2021
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Using mathematical image processing, scientists at the BioTechMed-Graz research cooperation have found a way to create digital twins from human hearts. The method opens up completely new possibilities in clinical diagnostics. Additional Images for download at the end of the text Although treatment options are constantly improving, cardiovascular diseases are still one of the most frequent causes of death in Europe.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.01.2021
Cereal crops fighting the climate chaos
Cereal crops fighting the climate chaos
Agriculture and climate experts have warned for some years that extreme climate events including severe droughts with frequent heatwaves drop the production of major staple food crops like wheat causing a severe threat to food security.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 14.01.2021
Spectacular fossil discovery: 150 million-year-old shark was one of the largest of its time
Spectacular fossil discovery: 150 million-year-old shark was one of the largest of its time
In a new study, an international research team led by Sebastian Stumpf from the University of Vienna describes an exceptionally well-preserved skeleton of the ancient shark Asteracanthus. This extremely rare fossil find comes from the famous Solnhofen limestones in Bavaria, which was formed in a tropical-subtropical lagoon landscape during the Late Jurassic, about 150 million years ago.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.01.2021
Resistant rice plants: TU Graz identifies bacterium that protects rice plants against diseases
Resistant rice plants: TU Graz identifies bacterium that protects rice plants against diseases
With their expertise in microbiome research, the researchers at the Institute of Environmental Biotechnology were able to demonstrate how a specific bacterium inside the seeds of rice plants effectively and in an eco-friendly way inhibits destructive plant pathogens. Rice is the staple food of about half the world's population.

Chemistry - Physics - 11.01.2021
Catalysts: Worth Taking a Closer Look
Catalysts: Worth Taking a Closer Look
Why do metal oxide surfaces behave differently? At TU Wien, a new research method was found to answer important questions. Metal surfaces play a role as catalysts for many important applications - from fuel cells to the purification of car exhaust gases. However, their behaviour is decisively affected by oxygen atoms incorporated into the surface.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.01.2021
More than just a sun tan: ultraviolet light helps marine animals to tell the time of year
More than just a sun tan: ultraviolet light helps marine animals to tell the time of year
Changes in daylength are a well-established annual timing cue for animal behavior and physiology. An international collaboration of scientists led by Kristin Tessmar-Raible at the Max Perutz Labs, a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, now shows that, in addition to daylength, marine bristle worms sense seasonal intensity changes of UVA/deep violet light to adjust the levels of important neurohormones and their behavior.

Social Sciences - 10.01.2021
Toboggan accident crash test: Without helmet, serious injuries even at low speeds
Toboggan accident crash test: Without helmet, serious injuries even at low speeds
Austrian Road Safety Board, and TU Graz have investigated tobogganing accidents for the first time in a computer-simulated crash test. The results: Wearing a helmet and the correct sitting position dramatically reduce the risk of injury for children while tobogganing. More than 2,200 people are injured in toboggan accidents in Austria every year.

Life Sciences - 07.01.2021
Unusual sex chromosomes of platypus, emu and duck
Unusual sex chromosomes of platypus, emu and duck
Three papers unveil the extraordinary diversity of animal sex chromosomes The sex chromosomes genetically define the developmental fate of an embryo to become a male or a female individual, and usually appear as one pair of morphologically different chromosomes between sexes. For example, women have one pair of XX chromosomes, while men have one pair of XY chromosomes.

Environment - 06.01.2021
Native biodiversity collapse in the Eastern Mediterranean
Native biodiversity collapse in the Eastern Mediterranean
Most native species are going locally extinct, while introduced tropical species thrive An international team led by Paolo G. Albano from the Department of Palaeontology at the University of Vienna quantified a dramatic biodiversity collapse of up to 95 per cent of native species in the Eastern Mediterranean.

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