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Computer Science - Physics - 21.05.2024
Programming quantum computers with the help of AI
Programming quantum computers with the help of AI
Researchers at the University of Innsbruck have presented a new method for planning computing operations on a quantum computer. A generative machine learning model is used to find a suitable sequence of quantum gates to execute a quantum operation. The study, which has now been published in the journal Nature Machine Intelligence , is an important step towards exploiting the full potential of quantum computers .

Life Sciences - Physics - 16.05.2024
Beneath the Surface
Beneath the Surface
To grow their roots, plants feel gravity - ISTA scientists take a close look Using the force of gravity, roots weave their way through the soil to provide a plant with both structural support and essential nutrients. Anastasia Teplova from the Friml group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA) investigates the mechanism behind this process.

Chemistry - Physics - 16.05.2024
Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations
Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations
New chemical reaction with potential applications in medicinal chemistry A team of chemists from the University of Vienna, led by Nuno Maulide, has achieved a significant breakthrough in the field of chemical synthesis, developing a novel method for manipulating carbon-hydrogen bonds. This groundbreaking discovery provides new insights into the molecular interactions of positively charged carbon atoms.

Physics - Health - 13.05.2024
New method unravels the mystery of slow electrons
New method unravels the mystery of slow electrons
Slow electrons are used in cancer therapy as well as in microelectronics. It is very hard to observe how they behave in solids. But scientists at TU Wien have made this possible. Electrons can behave very differently depending on how much energy they have. Whether you shoot an electron with high or low energy into a solid body determines which effects can be triggered.

Physics - 29.04.2024
High-tech Gemstones for Nuclear Science
High-tech Gemstones for Nuclear Science
Special thorium-containing crystals, developed over many years at TU Wien, were crucial in tracking down the long-sought thorium transition. Emerald, ruby, amethyst and many other gemstones have one thing in common: they consist of a perfectly regular crystal structure into which foreign atoms are incorporated in low concentrations.

Physics - Chemistry - 29.04.2024
Atomic Nucleus Excited with Laser: A Breakthrough after Decades
Atomic Nucleus Excited with Laser: A Breakthrough after Decades
The "thorium transition", which physicists have been looking for for decades, has now been excited for the first time with lasers. This paves the way for revolutionary high precision technologies, including nuclear clocks. Physicists have been hoping for this moment for a long time: for many years, scientists all'around the world have been searching for a very specific state of thorium atomic nuclei that promises revolutionary technological applications.

Physics - Computer Science - 19.04.2024
Compact quantum light processing
Compact quantum light processing
An international collaboration of researchers, led by Philip Walther at University of Vienna, have achieved a significant breakthrough in quantum technology, with the successful demonstration of quantum interference among several single photons using a novel resource-efficient platform. The work published in the prestigious journal Science Advances represents a notable advancement in optical quantum computing that paves the way for more scalable quantum technologies.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 18.04.2024
COSINUS searches for dark matter
COSINUS searches for dark matter
In the COSINUS research project, an international team involving TU Wien and the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) is searching for evidence of dark matter. The large-scale experiment is now starting in Italy . How can we understand dark matter? It probably makes up around 85% of the mass in the universe, but what it is and what it consists of is still one of the biggest and most difficult questions in modern physics.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.04.2024
Stellar winds of three sun-like stars detected for the first time
Stellar winds of three sun-like stars detected for the first time
Astrophysicists were able to quantify the mass loss of stars via their stellar winds An international research team led by a researcher from the University of Vienna has for the first time directly detected stellar winds from three Sun-like stars by recording the X-ray emission from their astrospheres, and placed constraints on the mass loss rate of the stars via their stellar winds.

Environment - Physics - 10.04.2024
Novel UV Broadband Spectrometer Revolutionises Air Pollutant Analysis
Novel UV Broadband Spectrometer Revolutionises Air Pollutant Analysis
The laser-based technology developed at TU Graz enables the continual real-time analysis of air pollutants and their interaction with other gases and sunlight. Sunlight has a major influence on chemical processes. Its high-energy UV radiation in particular is strongly absorbed by all materials and triggers photochemical reactions of the substances present in the air.

Chemistry - Physics - 05.04.2024
New molecules fluoresce in all colors of the rainbow
New molecules fluoresce in all colors of the rainbow
Progress in biomedical imaging with PyrAt compounds Fluorescent molecules enable the visualization of tissue and cells and are therefore indispensable in medicine and pharmacy. A team led by Nuno Maulide and Leticia González from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna and Harald Sitte from MedUni Vienna has developed a series of novel fluorescent molecules.

Chemistry - Physics - 02.04.2024
Physics of Complex Fluids: Ring Polymers Show Unexpected Motion Patterns Under Shear
Physics of Complex Fluids: Ring Polymers Show Unexpected Motion Patterns Under Shear
An international research team is attracting the attention of experts in the field with computational results on the behavior of ring polymers under shear forces: Reyhaneh Farimani, University of Vienna, and her colleagues showed that for the simplest case of connected ring pairs, the type of linkage - chemically bonded vs.

Physics - 27.03.2024
A new type of cooling for quantum simulators
A new type of cooling for quantum simulators
More stable quantum experiments are made possible at TU Wien with new tricks - by ingeniously splitting Bose-Einstein condensates. Quantum experiments always have to deal with the same problem, regardless of whether they involve quantum computers, quantum teleportation or new types of quantum sensors: quantum effects break down very easily.

Chemistry - Physics - 25.03.2024
A self-cleaning wall paint
A self-cleaning wall paint
A breakthrough in catalysis research leads to a new wall paint that cleans itself when exposed to sunlight and chemically breaks down air pollutants. Typically, beautiful white wall paint does not stay beautiful and white forever. Often, various substances from the air accumulate on its surface. This can be a desired effect because it makes the air cleaner for a while - but over time, the colour changes and needs to be renewed.

Physics - Materials Science - 21.03.2024
New Method for Analysing Nanoporous Materials
New Method for Analysing Nanoporous Materials
Using only a single electron microscope image, researchers at TU Graz can determine the type and exact position of so-called guest atoms in high-tech materials. They also come closer to solving the mystery of the blue colour of aquamarine. In addition to their main components, the properties of crystalline and nanoporous materials often depend crucially on guest atoms or ions that are embedded in the tiny pores of their lattice structure.

Physics - 18.03.2024
Holographic message encoded in simple plastic
Holographic message encoded in simple plastic
Important data, such as a Bitcoin wallet address, can be stored and concealed quite easily in ordinary plastic using 3D printers and terahertz radiation, scientists at TU Wien show. There are many ways to store data - digitally, on a hard disk, or using analogue storage technology, for example as a hologram.

Physics - Chemistry - 12.03.2024
Ultra-short light pulses enable high-precision 'artificial nose'
Ultra-short light pulses enable high-precision ’artificial nose’
A new spectroscopy method has been developed at TU Wien: Using a series of laser pusles, chemical analyses can be carried out much faster and more precisely than before. Whether you want to analyze environmental samples in nature or monitor a chemical experiment, you often need highly sensitive sensors that can "sniff out" even tiny traces of a certain gas with extreme accuracy.

Physics - Pharmacology - 11.03.2024
Can quantum computers help in the development of new drugs?
Can quantum computers help in the development of new drugs?
Scientists predict that quantum computers will be able to discover drugs faster than conventional computers in the future Quantum computers have promising potential applications. One potential area of application is computer-aided research and development of new drugs. A team from the University of Vienna, together with researchers from Boehringer Ingelheim, BASF, Google, QC Ware and the University of Toronto, have investigated the possibilities of this technology in a review article published in the journal Nature Physics .

Physics - 04.03.2024
Network of quantum sensors increases precision
Network of quantum sensors increases precision
Quantum sensor technology promises even more precise measurements of physical quantities. A team led by Christian Roos at the University of Innsbruck has now compared the signals of up to 91 quantum sensors with each other and thus successfully suppressed the noise caused by interactions with the environment.

Materials Science - Physics - 27.02.2024
TU Graz Develops Innovative Coating against Ice
TU Graz Develops Innovative Coating against Ice
The material delays the formation of ice crystals and reduces the adhesion of ice layers. Thanks to an innovative production method, the coating is very robust and adheres to numerous surfaces. Ice-repellent coatings have been around for some time, but until now they have been very sensitive and detach quite quickly from the surfaces they are meant to protect.
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