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Health - Psychology - 18.12.2023
Child and adolescent psychiatry: fewer coercive measures thanks to architectural changes
Child and adolescent psychiatry: fewer coercive measures thanks to architectural changes
Coercive measures are used in psychiatric treatment to avert acute danger to a person's life and health. However, such measures can be associated with considerable risks for patients and treatment teams. It is known from studies in adult psychiatric inpatient wards that environmental factors such as staffing, availability of retreat options, privacy and access to natural light can influence the use of coercive measures.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2023
New research lays groundwork for personalised dietary supplements
New research lays groundwork for personalised dietary supplements
New research reveals surprising diversity of gut bacteria responsive to inulin A groundbreaking study led by David Berry and Alessandra Riva from the Centre for Microbiology and Environmental Systems Science (CeMESS) at the University of Vienna has significantly advanced our understanding of prebiotics in nutrition and gut health.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2023
Multiple sclerosis: Possible basis for vaccine researched
Multiple sclerosis: Possible basis for vaccine researched
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease in which the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is thought to play a role that has not yet been fully clarified. In particular, it was previously unclear why almost all people are infected with EBV in the course of their lives, but the virus only triggers MS in a small number of people.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.12.2023
Breakthrough in understanding the genetic basis of immune responses
A US research team with significant involvement from MedUni Vienna has analysed the molecular structures of human T cells, providing an unprecedentedly detailed description of how the immune system works. The results, which have now been published in the top journal "Nature", could help to overcome the limitations of current immunotherapies and find new approaches for the future treatment of a variety of diseases such as autoimmune diseases or cancer.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.12.2023
New study by Med Uni Graz on COVID-19 vaccination
New study by Med Uni Graz on COVID-19 vaccination
Sneezing on the bus, coughing on the streetcar, catching a cold at work - a record number of sick notes and wastewater analyses show an unprecedented viral load throughout Austria. The winter, and with it the new COVID-19 wave, has hit Austria hard. The virus, which has been keeping us on our toes since the beginning of 2020, is once again sweeping through the country, even if its progress is to be slowed down with the help of vaccinations and precautionary measures.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.12.2023
Healthy plant-based diet reduces diabetes risk by 24 per cent
Healthy plant-based diet reduces diabetes risk by 24 per cent
At least 75 per cent of type 2 diabetes cases could be avoided by adopting a healthy lifestyle. A plant-based diet has been shown to play a key role in this. With limitations - as demonstrated in a study led by Tilman Kühn from MedUni Vienna's Center for Public Health: A more plant-based diet only develops its protective effects if not only the consumption of animal-based foods, but also industrially processed and highly sugary foods is reduced.

Pharmacology - Health - 06.12.2023
New approach to drug discovery: pain medication with fewer side effects developed
People with chronic pain are often dependent on drugs from the class of opioids with sometimes considerable side effects. Accordingly, in recent years the search for safer alternatives has been the focus in drug discovery. As part of an international study led by MedUni Vienna, an opioid-like molecule has now been developed which, as shown in animal models, can effectively alleviate pain but with fewer undesirable side effects.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.11.2023
Researchers at TU Graz Decipher Enzyme Scissors of Intestinal Microbes
Flavonoids & Co: Microorganisms in the human gut utilise so-called beta-elimination to break down plant natural products and thus make them available to humans. Fruit and vegetables contain a variety of plant natural products such as flavonoids, which give fruits their colour and are said to have health-promoting properties.

Health - Psychology - 27.11.2023
Altered thinking and feeling: Recognising the risk of psychosis at an early stage
Altered thinking and feeling: Recognising the risk of psychosis at an early stage
Distorted reality, altered sensory perceptions and thought processes as well as concentration disorders over a longer period of time can be signs of an increased risk of psychosis.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.11.2023
Skin cancer: New therapy option to prevent metastases
As an extremely aggressive form of skin cancer, cutaneous melanoma is still associated with a high mortality rate. Enormous progress has recently been made in the fight against deadly metastasis, but existing therapeutic measures are still not effective in many cases. Now a research team led by Wolfgang Weninger and Shweta Tikoo from MedUni Vienna's Department of Dermatology has discovered a new option that targets the metastatic capacity of melanoma cells.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.11.2023
Active ingredients in the ’protective suit’ in the fight against bacteria
The use of nanotechnology offers numerous new possibilities in the development of medicines and the targeted release of active ingredients. One interesting innovation is the use of iron oxide nanoparticles with a special coating. This allows active ingredients to be delivered safely and directly to the affected cells.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.11.2023
Highly processed foods increase the risk of disease
Highly processed foods increase the risk of disease
High consumption of highly processed animal products and soft drinks containing sweeteners and sugar increases the risk of multimorbidity In a groundbreaking multinational study involving 266,666 participants from seven European countries, nutrition scientists from the University of Vienna, in collaboration with the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), have found that a high consumption of highly processed foods, also known as ultra-processed foods (UPFs), is associated with a higher risk of multimorbidity from cancer and cardiometabolic diseases.

Pharmacology - Health - 14.11.2023
CBD as a painkiller: Efficacy not clinically proven
CBD as a painkiller: Efficacy not clinically proven
Cannabidiol (CBD) is marketed by some suppliers as a painkiller, e.g. for osteoarthritis of the knee. Animal experiments have shown that the substance, which is extracted from the hemp plant, has an anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effect in arthritis. As pain researchers at MedUni Vienna were now able to show for the first time in humans, CBD is not effective as pain medication, even in high doses.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.11.2023
Risk assessment after severe complication of liver cirrhosis improved
Risk assessment after severe complication of liver cirrhosis improved
Approximately half of patients with advanced liver disease have varicose veins in the oesophagus and stomach, and a more than a fifth of them experience bleeding from these varices into the digestive tract. This is a life-threatening complication that contributes significantly to the still high mortality rate in cirrhosis.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.11.2023
’Zoom Fatigue’: Exhaustion caused by video conferencing proven on a neurophysiological level for the first time
By Philipp Jarke Using EEG and ECG data, researchers at the University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria and Graz University of Technology were able to prove that video conferences and online education formats lead to greater fatigue than face-to-face alternatives. Following the COVID-19 pandemic, the increase in virtual interactions has created a new challenge: fatigue caused by video calls, also known as Zoom fatigue or videoconference fatigue.

Health - 08.11.2023
Medical mission in Ethiopia: Plastic surgery team treats war injuries
Medical mission in Ethiopia: Plastic surgery team treats war injuries
An impressive medical mission recently took place in Ethiopia, where a group of surgeons, including Viktoria König, a specialist in plastic and reconstructive surgery at MedUni Vienna's Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, treated people with serious injuries sustained during the protracted civil war in the northern region of Tigray.

Health - 01.11.2023
Corona pandemic: distorted memories in vaccinated and unvaccinated people
Corona pandemic: distorted memories in vaccinated and unvaccinated people
Depending on identification with vaccination status, both groups have a polarized perception of the past - dynamics vary by country An international team of scientists from Germany, Austria and the USA show in the renowned scientific journal Nature how social polarization distorts the memory of the corona pandemic and thus makes it more difficult to prepare for future crises.

Health - 30.10.2023
New CT technology with ultra-low radiation dose outperforms chest X-ray
New CT technology with ultra-low radiation dose outperforms chest X-ray
Despite its diagnostic superiority, computed tomography (CT) has not yet established itself as a primary method for the most frequent indications that require an imaging examination of the chest in emergency medicine. Chest X-rays (CXR) are still the most frequently used method mainly due to low costs and a very low radiation dose.

Health - 27.10.2023
All-time high in sexually transmitted infections in Europe
All-time high in sexually transmitted infections in Europe
European Region. Against this background, international experts, including Georg Stary and Katja Knapp from MedUni Vienna, compiled a comprehensive overview of the situation and the challenges facing public health. The series of articles was recently published in the renowned journal "The Lancet Regional Health - Europe".

Health - Pharmacology - 27.10.2023
Novel therapeutic approach for malignant pediatric brain tumor
A study led by the Medical University of Vienna shows a sustained survival benefit of the so called antiangiogenic therapy at recurrence of medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor in children and adolescents. The therapy starves the cancer by interfering mainly with the cancer microenvironment.