Results 41 - 60 of 354.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.02.2024
Neuronal Insights: Flash and Freeze-Fracture
Neuronal Insights: Flash and Freeze-Fracture
ISTA researchers analyze brain region using light flashes, high-pressure freezing and fracturing Fear and addiction exert significant influence within society. Managing them is often challenging, as they are driven by intricate neuronal circuits in our brains. Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms is crucial to intervene when these processes malfunction.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2024
New treatment option for heart valve insufficiency
Severe heart disease or pulmonary hypertension often lead to a leak in the tricuspid valve, the valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle. However, tricuspid regurgitation can also occur without a clearly identifiable cause. In the past, this leakage was mainly treated with medication using diuretics and, for some years now, with clips inserted into the heart valve.

Health - Psychology - 07.02.2024
Nature is particularly beneficial for people on lower income
Nature is particularly beneficial for people on lower income
Regular time spent in nature is more beneficial to the well-being of poorer than richer people Data from a representative sample of the Austrian population suggests that the relationship between nature contact and well-being is consistently stronger for people on lower than higher incomes. However, this pattern was only found when people actively visited nature and not when they merely lived near greenspaces.

Health - 07.02.2024
New findings shed light on the role of platelets in patients with cirrhosis
Next to other complications, cirrhosis is also linked to abnormalities in haemostasis. However, the role of alterations in platelet function had previously been insufficiently investigated. Now, researchers at the Medical University of Vienna have shed light on the connection between platelet function and the risk of bleeding, thrombosis or the occurrence of complications of cirrhosis.

Health - 01.02.2024
Improving cancer prevention among people experiencing homelessness
While people experiencing homelessness are more exposed to cancer-associated risk factors, there is a lack of awareness and structures for targeted cancer prevention. Yet people experiencing homelessness are twice as likely to be affected by cancer as people who are resident. Against this backdrop, an international team led by Igor Grabovac and Maren Jeleff from MedUni Vienna's Center for Public Health has systematically assessed the health challenges of this population group for the first time in order to create a scientifically sound basis for the development of preventive measures.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.01.2024
Coronary Stents: Acute inflammation triples the risk of thrombosis
Coronary Stents: Acute inflammation triples the risk of thrombosis
Coronary stents are implanted in more than 26,000 patients in Austria every year to treat angina pectoris or heart attacks. These are vascular stents made of metal that help to keep narrowed vessels open for many years. Acute clot formation (thrombosis) is the most feared complication of these procedures.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.01.2024
New therapeutic approach for the treatment of sarcoidosis
A research team led by Georg Stary (Medical University of Vienna and CeMM) has identified a new approach to treating the inflammatory disease sarcoidosis. In a clinical study, the inhibition of a specific signaling pathway showed clear success in the treatment of granulomas in the skin. This opens up new therapeutic paths for sarcoidosis and similar inflammatory diseases.

Health - 19.01.2024
Rectal examinations do not improve the effectiveness of screening for prostate cancer
A study by the Comprehensive Cancer Center Vienna of MedUni Vienna and Vienna General Hospital has taken a closer look at the effectiveness of common examination methods for the early detection of prostate cancer. It was found that rectal examination has no advantages over the PSA blood test for detecting prostate cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.01.2024
Role of the GCP signalling pathway in ageing identified
With increasing life expectancy, old age is becoming an ever larger part of the human lifespan. During ageing, the way cells function changes, which sometimes has drastic consequences for the body. A recent study published in the journal "Nature Aging", led by Josef Penninger, Professor of Personalised Medicine at MedUni Vienna, reveals the crucial role of a previously unknown lipid metabolic pathway in ageing, in particular its impact on muscle health and glucose control.

Health - Physics - 18.01.2024
New technique visualises mechanical structure of the cell nucleus for the first time
New technique visualises mechanical structure of the cell nucleus for the first time
The cell nucleus is considered to be the control centre of vital cellular processes, but its material properties continue to puzzle scientists. An international research team led by MedUni Vienna has now developed a new technique that provides a previously unattainable view of the mechanical properties inside this control centre.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.01.2024
Kidney and heart diseases reduce survival rate after severe burns
Kidney and heart diseases reduce survival rate after severe burns
Despite enormous medical advances, severe burns are still potentially life-threatening injuries. Clinical scores, which take relevant parameters into account, are available to doctors as a decision-making aid for therapeutic measures and to assess the probability of patient survival. Pre-existing diseases were not previously included in these models.

Health - 15.01.2024
Maturation instead of cell death: Defective signalling pathways disrupt immune cell development
In an autoimmune disease, the immune system attacks not only pathogens but also the body's own cells. A research team led by Marta Rizzi (University of Freiburg, Medical University of Vienna) has now been able to show that defective signalling pathways in the body play a decisive role in the development of immune cells.

Health - 11.01.2024
Effectiveness of mental health promotion seminar for first year medical students confirmed in study
Medical staff are exposed to high levels of stress not only at work, but also during their training and education. Several studies have found that stress levels and mental health issues are higher among medical students than in comparable groups. In order to tackle this important issue, the seminar "Coping with stress" was introduced at MedUni Vienna in 2018 as a compulsory part of the first year of medical studies.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.01.2024
Protein complex discovered to control DNA repair
The repair of damage to genetic material (DNA) in the human body is carried out by highly efficient mechanisms that have not yet been fully researched. A scientific team led by Christian Seiser from MedUni Vienna's Center for Anatomy and Cell Biology has now discovered a previously unrecognised control point for these processes.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.01.2024
Vaccine boosts innate immunity in people with dormant immune cells
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is one of the world's oldest and most widely used vaccines. It was developed in the early 20th century to provide protection from tuberculosis. Surprisingly, this vaccine protects not only against tuberculosis but also reduces the risk for various other infections, through a mechanism called trained immunity.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.01.2024
Possible trigger of chronic inflammatory bowel disease identified
As the cause of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis is not yet known, treatment for sufferers is currently aimed at alleviating the often agonising symptoms. The discovery by a MedUni Vienna research team that the trigger for IBD could be found on the surface of intestinal epithelial cells provides a new potential starting point for the development of therapeutic measures.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.01.2024
Survey shows skepticism towards generics and biosimilars among healthcare professionals in Vienna
A recent study by the Medical University of Vienna sheds light on the perception and knowledge of healthcare professionals regarding generics and biosimilars. A survey showed that there is still widespread skepticism and large gaps in knowledge about these medicines. The results were published in the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Health - 03.01.2024
Framework created for improved imaging diagnostics of brain tumors
Diffuse gliomas are malignant brain tumors and cannot be optimally examined by conventional imaging using MRI. Amino acid PET can better visualize the activity and spread of gliomas. An international research group (RANO Group) led by MedUni Vienna and LMU Munich has now established the first international criteria for standardized imaging of gliomas using amino acid PET.

Sport - Health - 27.12.2023
Brisk walks sup­port smo­king ces­sa­tion
Brisk walks sup­port smo­king ces­sa­tion
Good news for anyone who wants to quit smoking in the new year: In a recently published study, Innsbruck scientists show that ten-minute brisk walking sessions reduce the cravings of temporarily abstinent smokers and improve their overall well-being. The study is the first to compare the effect of indoor and outdoor activity on smoking cessation.

Health - 19.12.2023
FWF funding for research into new treatment options for prostate cancer
Many patients with prostate cancer develop androgen-independent tumor growth, which is referred to as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). In these patients, activation of the androgen receptor (AR) in the tumors no longer requires androgen stimulation, and therapy with androgen inhibitors becomes ineffective.