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Philosophy - Mathematics - 29.01.2018
Indian Sacred Texts and the Logic of Computer Ethics
Indian Sacred Texts and the Logic of Computer Ethics
Can we teach ethical behaviour to machines' Computer Scientists in Vienna are studying ancient Sanskrit texts and using the tools of mathematical logic to describe ethical rules. The Indian sacred texts of the Vedas have been studied for millennia. But now, for the first time in history, computer scientists in Vienna analyse them by applying the methods of mathematical logic.

Philosophy - 07.12.2016
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
Optional moral assessment can promote cooperation more effectively than compulsory moral assessment A research team led by Mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from the University of Vienna presents a new optimal theory of the evolution of reputation-based cooperation. This team proves that the practice of making moral assessments conditionally is very effective in establishing cooperation in terms of evolutionary game theory.

Philosophy - 06.07.2016
How to get moral free-riders to cooperate
How to get moral free-riders to cooperate
What motivates people to contribute to trustful moral judgment, which is a public good yet tends to be costly? This is the moral free rider problem. Mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from University of Vienna and colleagues Isamu Okada and Yutaka Nakai in Japan have put forth a theoretical resolution. The study has been published online in Biology Letters, a journal published by The Royal Society.

Philosophy - Health - 29.03.2016
Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Despite prevalent myths in public about autism about their lack of empathic concern for others and propensity for condoning harmful behavior, so far the relation between their empathic capacity and moral evaluations remains sparsely studied. New research shows that the seemingly callous attitudes in autism are not a feature of autism per se but are due to an understudied aspect of their personality called alexithymia, which is characterized by emotional processing difficulties.

Mathematics - Philosophy - 30.06.2014
Logic is Like Abstract Art
Modern logic unleashed new areas of mathematics. Even when language and intuition fail, conclusive theories can be constructed with the help of logic. When little children share chocolates, they already have to deal with numbers. Even complicated mathematical objects can often be grasped intuitively.

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