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Life Sciences - 18.08.2023
Lipid Chemistry Empowers Nuclear Shape
Lipid Chemistry Empowers Nuclear Shape
The cell nucleus is surrounded by a spherical double membrane called the nuclear envelope. Scientists have long been intrigued by how this envelope can be elastic enough to accommodate shape changes that cells experience as they move through tissues, but also rigid enough to maintain nuclear integrity.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 03.08.2023
On-off switch for enzymes
On-off switch for enzymes
Researchers at TU Graz have gained new insights into the functioning of a protein found in bacteria, whose enzymatic activity is activated by blue light. Light affects living organisms in many different ways: for example, plants orient their growth direction towards the sun, while circadian rhythms in humans are controlled by daylight.

Life Sciences - 28.07.2023
The genetic heritage of our extinct ancestors
The genetic heritage of our extinct ancestors
Gene flow from an extinct gorilla population to eastern gorillas discovered An international research study led by the University of Vienna (Austria) and the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IBE) in Barcelona (Spain), recently published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution , provides a better insight into the evolutionary history of gorillas.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.07.2023
Multiple sclerosis: new biomarker confirmed for early diagnosis
Multiple sclerosis: new biomarker confirmed for early diagnosis
A study conducted by researchers from the Department of Neurology at MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna has demonstrated for the first time that diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) can be significantly improved by additionally measuring the thickness of retinal layers in the eye. Use of the procedure, which is already available at the Departments of MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna, helps to detect the condition at an earlier stage and predict its progression more accurately.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 30.06.2023
A new stra­t­egy ena­bles mole­cu­lar diver­sity
A new stra­t­egy ena­bles mole­cu­lar diver­sity
The research group led by chemist Thomas Magauer has accomplsihed a divergent strategy to synthesize nine complex natural compounds. The developed method requires significantly less time and results in a variety of compounds with different structures and biological properties. Chemical synthesis enables the construction of complex molecules and active drug substances.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.06.2023
Brain: MRI scans may reveal risk of brain hemorrhage
Brain: MRI scans may reveal risk of brain hemorrhage
When people talk about a stroke, they are usually referring to ischemic stroke, in which an artery in the brain becomes blocked and affected areas of the brain are subsequently no longer supplied with nutrients and oxygen. Cerebral hemorrhage is another form of this medical emergency, in which a blood vessel bursts.

Veterinary - Life Sciences - 27.06.2023
Like human, like dog
Like human, like dog
Dogs and humans process body postures similarly in their brains A study by researchers at the University of Vienna and the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna shows that information from body postures plays a similarly important role for dogs as it does for humans. The results offer new insights into how dogs and humans perceive each other and their environment.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.06.2023
Pediatric cancer: weak points in the immune response against metastases discovered
PLUS: Pediatric Cancer: Vulnerabilities in the Immune Response against Metastases Discovered Scientists led by Nikolaus Fortelny, Paris Lodron University Salzburg, and Sabine Taschner-Mandl, St. Anna Children's Cancer Research, have gained new insights into the cell architecture and cell-cell communication of neuroblastoma metastases in a groundbreaking study.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.06.2023
Newly discovered genetic defect disrupts blood formation and immune system
In the quest to find the origin of the puzzling symptoms in four children, researchers from St. Anna Children's Cancer Research Institute, the CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), and the Medical University of Vienna have discovered a completely new disease, linking disorders of blood formation, the immune system, and inflammation.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.06.2023
Atrial fibrillation in stroke: new study shows benefit of rapid blood thinning
Atrial fibrillation in stroke: new study shows benefit of rapid blood thinning
A new international study involving the Kepler University Hospital for Neurology in Linz has provided important insights into the optimal timing for starting blood-thinning therapy after stroke in patients* with atrial fibrillation. The results of this ELAN study (Early versus late initiation of direct oral anticoagulants in post-ischemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation) were published in the renowned journal "New England Journal of Medicine".

Health - Life Sciences - 12.06.2023
Cardiac arrest: cooling the body after resuscitation reduces neurological damage
Cardiac arrest: cooling the body after resuscitation reduces neurological damage
Temporarily lowering the body temperature is considered a way to prevent or limit brain damage after resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest. Researchers at MedUni Vienna's Department of Emergency Medicine have now analysed the results of several studies in a Cochrane Review and shown to what extent cooling methods can reduce the risk of brain damage and improve neurological outcomes after successful resuscitation.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.06.2023
Primate genome as key to human health
Primate genome as key to human health
Primate genomes analyzed by AI for clinical relevance of individual gene variants. New genome data from a large number of different monkey species generated by an international research team are providing new insights into the genetic causes of human diseases. With development of a deep-learning-based algorithm, they could serve as a basis for personalized medical treatment concepts in humans in the future.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.05.2023
Biolab instead of horseradish root
Biolab instead of horseradish root
At the Vienna University of Technology, a breakthrough was achieved in the production of important enzymes: Previously, they were extracted from horseradish roots (horseradish), but now a precise, clean, synthetic production was achieved in the laboratory . It is one of the most important enzymes in medical diagnostics: The so-called - Horseradish Peroxidase- (Horseradish Peroxidase) is used for many medical devices - often it is used when a color change of a test strip is to detect the presence of antibodies or other proteins.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.05.2023
Combination of two new biomarkers optimizes prognosis and therapy of MS
Combination of two new biomarkers optimizes prognosis and therapy of MS
The course of the chronic inflammatory nerve disease multiple sclerosis can vary greatly. Individualized therapies for MS sufferers require early and precise prediction of future disease activity. This is made possible by the combination of different biomarkers, as shown in a study by neuroimmunologist Harald Hegen at the University Clinic for Neurology.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 22.05.2023
New insights into the complex neurochemistry of ants
New insights into the complex neurochemistry of ants
Ants- brains are amazingly sophisticated organs that enable them to coordinate complex behaviour patterns such as the organisation of colonies. Now, a group of researchers led by Christian Gruber of MedUni Vienna's Institute of Pharmacology have developed a method that allows them to study ants- brain chemistry and gain insights into the insects- neurobiological processes.

Life Sciences - 17.05.2023
Genetic research offers new perspective on the early evolution of animals
Genetic research offers new perspective on the early evolution of animals
Mapping gene linkages provides clear-cut evidence for comb jellies as sibling group to all other animals A study published by University of Vienna and MBARI researchers and their collaborators today in Nature provides new insights about one of the earliest points in animal evolution that happened more than 700 million years ago.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 16.05.2023
Jaw shapes of 90 shark species show: Evolution driven by habitat
Jaw shapes of 90 shark species show: Evolution driven by habitat
Analysis using X-ray computed tomography and 3D reconstructions An international research team led by Faviel A. López-Romero of the University of Vienna investigated how the jaw shape of sharks has changed over the course of evolution.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.05.2023
Brain tumours in children: New methods established to improve diagnostics
Brain tumours are among the most common malignant diseases in children and make up the most frequent cause of cancer-related death in this age group due to their often highly aggressive progression. In their search for better treatment options, the research team headed by Johannes Gojo from MedUni Vienna's Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine has now succeeded in establishing two promising new methods that will make it much easier to diagnose, choose a therapy and monitor the response to treatment in future.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.04.2023
Pioneering MRI imaging method captures brain glucose metabolism without the need for administration of radioactive substances
Metabolic disorders play a central role in many common conditions, including Alzheimer's, depression, diabetes and cancer, which call for reliable as well as non-invasive diagnostic procedures. Until now, radioactive substances have been administered as part of the process of mapping glucose metabolism in the brain.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.04.2023
How evolution has influenced the shape of the brain
The connections between the structure of the brain and its function are a key focus of neuroscience. A new Medical University of Vienna study involving a team of international partners has been looking at evolution and its relationship with the capabilities of human and animal brain architecture. The findings showed that the shape of the brain has developed in parallel with the organ's function throughout the course of evolution.