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Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.01.2021
Cereal crops fighting the climate chaos
Cereal crops fighting the climate chaos
Agriculture and climate experts have warned for some years that extreme climate events including severe droughts with frequent heatwaves drop the production of major staple food crops like wheat causing a severe threat to food security.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.01.2021
More than just a sun tan: ultraviolet light helps marine animals to tell the time of year
More than just a sun tan: ultraviolet light helps marine animals to tell the time of year
Changes in daylength are a well-established annual timing cue for animal behavior and physiology. An international collaboration of scientists led by Kristin Tessmar-Raible at the Max Perutz Labs, a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, now shows that, in addition to daylength, marine bristle worms sense seasonal intensity changes of UVA/deep violet light to adjust the levels of important neurohormones and their behavior.

Environment - 06.01.2021
Native biodiversity collapse in the Eastern Mediterranean
Native biodiversity collapse in the Eastern Mediterranean
Most native species are going locally extinct, while introduced tropical species thrive An international team led by Paolo G. Albano from the Department of Palaeontology at the University of Vienna quantified a dramatic biodiversity collapse of up to 95 per cent of native species in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Environment - Materials Science - 09.12.2020
New research project on environmental and safety aspects of stationary energy storage
New research project on environmental and safety aspects of stationary energy storage
The SABATLE project coordinated by TU Graz focuses on the sustainability and safety of redox flow technologies, which are of immanent importance for the stabilization of the power grid. The increasing use of battery technologies in the mobility sector and in stationary applications has been leading to increasing efforts in battery research of operational safety and battery recycling.

Environment - Materials Science - 16.11.2020
Sustainable shotcrete mix-designs for tunnels with longer service-life
Sustainable shotcrete mix-designs for tunnels with longer service-life
A project jointly initiated by the Austrian Society for Construction Technology (ÖBV), TU Graz and OTH Regensburg provides a more systematic understanding of shotcrete applications and forms the basis for new, even more durable concrete mixes and thus for more durable tunnels. The service life of tunnels today is designed to last at least for one hundred years - in the case of the Brenner basis tunnel it is even 200 years.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 20.10.2020
New sediment archive for historical climate research
New sediment archive for historical climate research
Geological investigations of low-temperature young deposits on the Styrian Erzberg provide paleoclimatology with new data on the earth's history and its development. Additional pictures for download at the end of the text How has the climate changed in the course of the earth's history? Which climatic processes have influenced the earth and its atmosphere? Paleoclimatology seeks answers to such questions in order to better understand climate changes and to derive forecasts for future climate scenarios.

Innovation - Environment - 24.09.2020
Styrian technological innovation: The smallest particle sensor in the world - made in Graz
Styrian technological innovation: The smallest particle sensor in the world - made in Graz
TU Graz, ams and Silicon Austria Labs has developed a compact and energy-efficient sensor for mobile devices, which informs users in real time about the fine dust content in the air and warns them in case of elevated values. The prototype of the particle sensor (black square in the middle of the board) developed at TU Graz compared in size with a one-cent coin.

Environment - 07.09.2020
Producing leather-like materials from fungi
Producing leather-like materials from fungi
Biofabrication includes upcycling of low-cost agricultural and forestry by-products Leather is used as a durable and flexible material in many aspects of everyday life including furniture and clothing. Leather substitutes derived from fungi are considered to be an ethical and environmentally friendly alternative to traditional bovine leather.

Life Sciences - Environment - 28.07.2020
Microbial interactions stabilize carbon in the soil
Microbial interactions stabilize carbon in the soil
Soils play a major role when it comes to the long-term storage of CO2 and the resulting reduction of this gas in the atmosphere - therefore they can contribute to slowing down climate change. In order to gain a better understanding of these mechanisms, it can be helpful to look at the microscopic level of soil microorganisms.

Environment - History / Archeology - 23.07.2020
Flood data from 500 years: Rivers and climate change in Europe
Flood data from 500 years: Rivers and climate change in Europe
A major international research project led by TU Wien (Vienna) shows for the first time that flooding characteristics in recent decades are unlike those of previous centuries Overflowing rivers can cause enormous problems: Worldwide, the annual damage caused by river floods is estimated at over 100 billion dollars - and it continues to rise.

Life Sciences - Environment - 27.05.2020
The evolutionary puzzle of the mammalian ear
The evolutionary puzzle of the mammalian ear
How could the tiny, tightly connected parts of the ear adapt independently to the amazingly diverse functional and environmental regimes encountered in mammals? A group of researchers from the University of Vienna and the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research proposed a new explanation for this evolutionary puzzle.

Chemistry - Environment - 26.05.2020
New system for widespread availability of green hydrogen
New system for widespread availability of green hydrogen
Hydrogen researchers at Graz University of Technology, together with the Graz-based start-up Rouge H2 Engineering, have developed a cost-effective process for the decentralised production of high-purity hydrogen. As an alternative propulsion technology in the transport sector, hydrogen is playing an important role in the energy transition.

Paleontology - Environment - 22.05.2020
First fossil nursery of the great white shark discovered
First fossil nursery of the great white shark discovered
Paleo-kindergarten ensured evolutionary success millions of years ago An international research team led by Jaime A. Villafaña from the Institute of Palaeontology at the University of Vienna discovered the first fossil nursery area of the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias in Chile. This discovery provides a better understanding of the evolutionary success of the largest top predator in today's oceans in the past and could contribute to the protection of these endangered animals.

Chemistry - Environment - 21.04.2020
Water replaces toxins: Green production of plastics
Water replaces toxins: Green production of plastics
Although organic plastics are not harmful to the environment themselves, toxic substances are often used during their synthesis. TU Wien shows - there is another way. Many materials that we use every day are not sustainable. Some are harmful to plants or animals, others contain rare elements that will not always be as readily available as they are today.

Physics - Environment - 09.03.2020
Atomic Fingerprint Identifies Emission Sources of Uranium
Atomic Fingerprint Identifies Emission Sources of Uranium
Uranium is not always the same: depending on whether this chemical element is released by the civil nuclear industry or as fallout from nuclear weapon tests, the ratio of the two anthropogenic, i.e. man-made, uranium isotopes 233U and 236U varies. These results were lately found by an international team grouped around physicists from the University of Vienna and provides a promising new "fingerprint" for the identification of radioactive emission sources.

Environment - Materials Science - 30.01.2020
Sustainable 3D-printed super magnets
Sustainable 3D-printed super magnets
Magnetic materials play important roles in electrical products. These materials are usually manufactured by means of established production techniques and use of rare earth metals. Several research teams at TU Graz are working on alternative, more environmentally friendly production methods. Additional pictures for download at the end of the text From wind turbines and electric motors to sensors and magnetic switching systems: permanent magnets are used in many different electrical applications.

Environment - Transport - 21.01.2020
New exhaust gas measurement registers ultrafine pollutant particles for the first time
New exhaust gas measurement registers ultrafine pollutant particles for the first time
Together with international partners, researchers at Graz University of Technology have developed a measurement method that measures particles below 10 nanometres for the first time and will contribute to the implementation of future, stricter emission standards. Additional pictures for download at the end of the text A few days ago, the European Commission presented its Green Deal, which aims to make the EU climate neutral by 2050 in order to protect the environment and improve people's health and quality of life.

Environment - 12.11.2019
Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice
Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice
One million species are threatened with extinction, many of them already in the coming decades. This unprecedented loss of biodiversity threatens valuable ecosystems and human well-being. But what is holding us back from putting conservation research into practice? The journal Biological Conservation has published a collection of 14 articles on this topic.

Life Sciences - Environment - 06.11.2019
Minimizing post-harvest food losses
Minimizing post-harvest food losses
Research team from Graz develops biological methods to improve the shelf life of fruit and vegetables. Additional pictures for download at the end of the text The crops have been harvested. Now it is important to store the various crops well and to preserve them as long and as carefully as possible.

Environment - Life Sciences - 10.10.2019
Placenta transit of an environmental estrogen
Placenta transit of an environmental estrogen
Researchers show path of zearalenone through the womb using new technology The human foetus is considered to be particularly sensitive to environmental contaminants. A team led by Benedikt Warth from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna and Tina Bürki from the Swiss Materials Science and Technology Institute, Empa, has now been able to demonstrate for the first time how the widespread food estrogen zearalenone behaves in the womb.
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