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Environment - 20.09.2022
Climate history of India: Megadroughts in the monsoon area
Climate history of India: Megadroughts in the monsoon area
An international team of researchers with the participation of Innsbruck geologist Christoph Spötl was able to reconstruct the monsoon of the last millennium in northeastern India in detail for the first time using dripstones. The region with the highest precipitation on earth today once suffered several megadroughts with massive famines.

Environment - 08.09.2022
Climate change threatens ice caves in Austria
Climate change threatens ice caves in Austria
Eight ice caves in four Austrian provinces: In a study, a team of geologists from the University of Innsbruck has for the first time comprehensively documented the ice losses and gains in alpine ice caves over the last 2000 years. Geologist Tanguy Racine from the University of Innsbruck warns: Especially the ice of smaller caves threatens to disappear in the near future and with it a valuable climate archive.

Environment - Chemistry - 31.08.2022
Recycling Greenhouse Gases
Recycling Greenhouse Gases
CO2 and methane can be turned into valuable products. But until now the catalysts required for such reactions quickly lose their effectiveness. TU Wien has now developed more stable alternatives. Wherever the production of harmful greenhouse gases cannot be prevented, they should be converted into something useful: this approach is called "carbon capture and utilisation".

Life Sciences - Environment - 19.08.2022
Fish deaths in the Oder: algae toxin detected in Oder water
Fish deaths in the Oder: algae toxin detected in Oder water
Scientists of the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and the University of Vienna believe that natural causes for the mass development of algae are unlikely. Recent investigations substantiate the suspicion that mass development of a toxic brackish water alga has taken place in the Oder River.

Environment - 18.08.2022
Can introduced plants also have positive effects?
Can introduced plants also have positive effects?
Scientists also investigated when alien plants successfully spread. The spread of species by humans to new regions - so-called biological invasions - has increased massively in recent decades. In two comprehensive studies, international research teams with the participation of the University of Vienna now investigated which factors are decisive for the survival of introduced plants, and whether such species can sometimes also have positive effects.

Environment - Health - 05.08.2022
Ragweed allergy: aggressiveness of pollen is determined by its place of origin and by the environment
Ragweed allergy: aggressiveness of pollen is determined by its place of origin and by the environment
The different geographic and climatic regions from which ragweed pollen originates, as well as the degree of environmental pollution, may influence the severity of allergic reactions such as hay fever and asthma. Pollen from plants in different areas exhibit different levels of aggressiveness. This is the conclusion reached by an inter-university study team led by MedUni Vienna and involving the University of Vienna and the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences.

Environment - Architecture - 24.06.2022
New Research Centre for Sustainable Construction
New Research Centre for Sustainable Construction
The Graz Center of Sustainable Construction was officially opened yesterday at TU Graz. Its goals are to rethink construction in its entirety, reduce environmental impacts and make the built environment climate neutral.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.06.2022
Chemical pollution threatens biodiversity
Chemical pollution threatens biodiversity
Scientists say more environmental pollutants should be considered in species protection Environmental chemical pollution threatens biodiversity. However, the complexity of this pollution remains insufficiently recognised by decision-makers - this is what international researchers led by Gabriel Sigmund from the University of Vienna and Ksenia Groh from the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) argue in the most recent issue of "Science".

Environment - Life Sciences - 10.05.2022
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Cognitive capabilities in marmoset monkeys are influenced by both their personality as well as family group membership Individual traits seem to drive our learning success: for instance, conscientious individuals often show higher academic performance. A group of cognitive and behavioural biologists from University of Vienna conducted personality assessments and a battery of learning tests with common marmosets and found that such a link, intertwined with family group membership, exists in these monkeys, too.

Computer Science - Environment - 23.02.2022
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Researchers at TU Graz have modelled an AI system for automotive radar sensors that filters out interfering signals caused by other radar sensors and dramatically improves object detection. Now the system is to be made more robust to weather and environmental influences as well as new types of interference.

Environment - Pharmacology - 15.02.2022
Pharmaceutical residues in the Vienna Danube
Pharmaceutical residues in the Vienna Danube
Pollutant concentrations in rivers provide a chemical fingerprint of society Residues of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and lifestyle substances enter rivers via wastewater. A recent study shows that the concentration of such trace pollutants in the Vienna Danube is surprisingly high compared to other EU countries.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.11.2021
The Study of the Microbiome Enables New Strategies for Healthy and Climate-Resilient Crops
The Study of the Microbiome Enables New Strategies for Healthy and Climate-Resilient Crops
Study led by TU Graz shows that apple trees inherit their microbiome to the same extent as their genes. The results lay the foundation for new breeding strategies for healthy and climate-robust fruit and vegetables. Agriculture is facing enormous challenges worldwide due to global changes caused by human activities.

Transport - Environment - 04.11.2021
Autonomous Driving: Styrian Development Saves Millions in Test Kilometres
Autonomous Driving: Styrian Development Saves Millions in Test Kilometres
TU Graz, JOANNEUM RESEARCH, AVL and Fraunhofer Austria have developed a method to validate test drives through highly realistic driving simulation studies and to substantially simplify the approval process for automated driving systems. Further images for download at the end of the text Driving simulator tests are popular - for understandable reasons: any scenario can be simulated at the touch of a button.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.11.2021
Profound ecological change in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Profound ecological change in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Distinct ecological niches: Tropical species profoundly alter ecosystem functioning in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea - with unknown consequences. Assemblages of tropical non-indigenous species in the Eastern Mediterranean have biological traits that markedly differ from those of native biological communities.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 16.09.2021
Good for groundwater - bad for crops? Plastic particles release pollutants in upper soil layers
Good for groundwater - bad for crops? Plastic particles release pollutants in upper soil layers
Study shows that microplastics do not contribute to the mobility of organic pollutants in agricultural soils In agriculture, large quantities of nanoand microplastics end up in the soil through compost, sewage sludge and the use of mulching foils. The plastic particles always carry various pollutants with them.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.07.2021
Root exudation and biological nitrification potential in pearl millet can boost sustainable agriculture
Root exudation and biological nitrification potential in pearl millet can boost sustainable agriculture
Agriculture is the main source for the majority of the input of reactive N to terrestrial systems; large amounts of fertilizer N are lost from the root zone as nitrate through leaching and denitrification. Avoiding the combination of high external inputs with low resource use efficiency remains a major concern for the sustainability of N in agroecosystems.

Life Sciences - Environment - 12.07.2021
Human environmental genome recovered in the absence of skeletal remains
Human environmental genome recovered in the absence of skeletal remains
Ancient sediments from caves have already proven to preserve DNA for thousands of years. The amount of recovered sequences from environmental sediments, however, is generally low, which difficults the analyses to be performed with these sequences. A study led by Ron Pinhasi and Pere Gelabert of the University of Vienna and published in Current Biology successfully retrieved three mammalian environmental genomes from a single soil sample of 25,000 years bp obtained from the cave of Satsurblia in the Caucasus (Georgia).

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.06.2021
Making a meal of DNA in the seafloor
Making a meal of DNA in the seafloor
Specialised bacteria in the oceans seafloor consume and recycle nucleic acids from dead biomass While best known as the code for genetic information, DNA is also a nutrient for specialised microbes. An international team of researchers led by Kenneth Wasmund and Alexander Loy from the University of Vienna has discovered several bacteria in sediment samples from the Atlantic Ocean that use DNA as a food source.

Environment - 26.03.2021
The persistent danger after landscape fires
The persistent danger after landscape fires
Carbonized plants contain harmful free radicals Every year, an estimated four percent of the world's vegetated land surface burns, leaving more than 250 megatons of carbonized plants behind. For the first time, a study by the University of Vienna has now recorded elevated concentrations of environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFR) in these charcoals - in some cases even up to five years after the fire.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.03.2021
Agricultural biodiversity
Agricultural biodiversity
International survey shows different perceptions in science and practice To minimize negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity and related ecosystem services, "biodiversity-friendly" management is needed. Why scientific results are rarely translated into agricultural practice could be explained by their different perceptions of agricultural biodiversity, according to the results of a recent survey of European scientists and farmers.
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