news 2017


Category


Years
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012


Results 41 - 60 of 85.


Life Sciences - 01.08.2017
What flowers looked like 100 million years ago
What flowers looked like 100 million years ago
Flowering plants with at least 300,000 species are by far the most diverse group of plants on Earth. They include almost all the species used by people for food, medicine, and many other purposes. However, flowering plants arose only about 140 million years ago, quite late in the evolution of plants, toward the end of the age of the dinosaurs, but since then have diversified spectacularly.

Physics - 27.07.2017
It's never too cold for quantum
It’s never too cold for quantum
The peculiar characteristics demonstrated by 'quantum critical points' at absolute zero remain one of the great unsolved mysteries of science. Normally, there needs to be a change in temperature in order to see a phase transition: a liquid gets cold, it freezes; a metal heats up, it loses its magnetic properties.

Physics - Electroengineering - 25.07.2017
Magnetic Quantum Objects in a
Magnetic Quantum Objects in a "Nano Egg-Box"
Magnetic quantum objects in superconductors, so-called "fluxons", are particularly suitable for the storage and processing of data bits. Computer circuits based on fluxons could be operated with significantly higher speed and, at the same time, produce much less heat dissipation. Physicists around Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna and their colleagues at the Johannes-Kepler-University Linz have now succeeded in producing a "quantum egg-box" with a novel and simple method.

Physics - Chemistry - 13.07.2017
Marine microplastics: many past studies contaminated
Marine microplastics: many past studies contaminated
Wherever you look, you are almost guaranteed to find tiny plastic particles. However, a study conducted by TU Wien has revealed that, in many cases, what is thought to be plastic found in samples of seawater may actually be natural fibres from lab coats. Plastic is constantly finding its way into the ocean - it comes from ships, unsecured landfill sites and the sewage system.

Physics - Computer Science - 12.07.2017
Nickel is Crucial for the Earth's Magnetic Field
Nickel is Crucial for the Earth’s Magnetic Field
Scientists at TU Wien and Würzburg University are changing our idea of the earth's magnetic field: iron alone cannot explain the concept of the geodynamo. The crucial ingredient is nickel. It only takes a simple compass to demonstrate that the earth has a magnetic field - but it is quite difficult to explain how exactly it is created.

Physics - Materials Science - 26.06.2017
NAWI Graz researchers measure light fields in 3D
NAWI Graz researchers measure light fields in 3D
Researchers from TU Graz and the University of Graz present the new method of 3D-plasmon tomography. Light as a carrier of information is indispensable to modern communication technology. The controlled manipulation of light quanta, so-called photons, form the basis for wireless transmission or data transfer in optical glass fibres.

Environment - Chemistry - 21.06.2017
CO2-neutral hydrogen from biomass
CO2-neutral hydrogen from biomass
Without fossil fuels, there can be no blast furnace process - but hydrogen could play a more important role in the future. An environmentally friendly process is being developed at TU Wien by which biomass can be used to produce a hydrogen-rich gas that can then be employed in various ways in the iron and steel industry.

Civil Engineering - Event - 13.06.2017
Bridges in Austria often exceed expectations
Bridges in Austria often exceed expectations
Assessing old bridges using modern standards is no mean feat. Studies conducted by TU Wien show that many bridges are actually significantly more stable than might be expected, often rendering costly restoration work unnecessary. Deciding which bridges need to be restored in the near future and which are still in good condition can have extremely expensive repercussions.

Physics - Chemistry - 09.06.2017
Graphene encapsulation provides unprecedented view of the diffusion and rotation of fullerene molecules
Graphene encapsulation provides unprecedented view of the diffusion and rotation of fullerene molecules
Scientists at the University of Vienna have created a new hybrid structure, termed buckyball sandwich, by encapsulating a single layer of fullerene molecules between two graphene sheets. Buckyball sandwiches combine for the first time soccerball-like fullerenes, each consisting of sixty carbon atoms, and graphene, a one-atom thick layer of carbon.

Physics - 01.06.2017
Breaking Newton's Law
Breaking Newton’s Law
In the quantum world, our intuition for moving objects is strongly challenged and may sometimes even completely fail. Experimental physicists of the University of Innsbruck in collaboration with theorists from Munich, Paris and Cambridge have found a quantum particle which shows an intriguing oscillatory back-and-forth motion in a one-dimensional atomic gas.

Chemistry - Transport - 31.05.2017
Nitrogen Oxides Emissions: Traffic Dramatically Underestimated as Major Polluter
Nitrogen Oxides Emissions: Traffic Dramatically Underestimated as Major Polluter
Traffic contributes more to nitrogen oxide emissions in Europe than previously thought. This is the result of a current study carried out by scientists from the University of Innsbruck. The research team headed by Thomas Karl shows that even newer air quality models underestimate traffic related nitrogen oxide pollution by up to a factor of 4.

Physics - Electroengineering - 23.05.2017
Measured for the first time: direction of light waves changed by quantum effect
Measured for the first time: direction of light waves changed by quantum effect
The 'quantized magneto-electric effect' has been demonstrated for the first time in topological insulators at TU Wien, which is set to open up new and highly accurate methods of measurement. A light wave sent through empty space always oscillates in the same direction. However, certain materials can be used to rotate the direction in which the light is oscillating when placed in a magnetic field.

Physics - 17.05.2017
Testing Quantum Field Theory in a Quantum Simulator
Testing Quantum Field Theory in a Quantum Simulator
A new way to characterize many-particle quantum systems has been presented in the journal "Nature" by TU Wien (Vienna) and Heidelberg University. Quantum simulators can now be used to take a deeper look at previously unanswered questions. What happened right after the beginning of the universe? How can we understand the structure of quantum materials' How does the Higgs-Mechanism work? Such fundamental questions can only be answered using quantum field theories.

Life Sciences - 12.05.2017
In both love and war, alligators signal size by bellowing
In both love and war, alligators signal size by bellowing
American alligators produce loud, low-frequency vocalizations called "bellows". Cognitive biologists at the University of Vienna, Stephan Reber and Tecumseh Fitch, investigated these vocalizations and found that they reveal the caller's body size. Alligators can use this information to avoid unpromising contests for mates and breeding areas.

Materials Science - Physics - 11.05.2017
Electrostatic design of materials: TU Graz demonstrates a fundamentally new approach
Electrostatic design of materials: TU Graz demonstrates a fundamentally new approach
Researchers at the Institute of Solid State Physics map out a radically new approach for designing optical and electronic properties of materials in Advanced Materials. Computational materials design is traditionally used to improve and further develop already existing materials. Simulations grant a deep insight into the quantum mechanical effects which determine material properties.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 10.05.2017
Unbreakable quantum entanglement
Unbreakable quantum entanglement
Einstein's "spooky action at a distance" persists even at high accelerations, researchers of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the University of Vienna were able to show in a new experiment. A source of entangled photon pairs was exposed to massive stress: The photons' entanglement survived the drop in a fall tower as well as 30 times the Earth's gravitational acceleration in a centrifuge.

Environment - Innovation - 10.05.2017
Natural gas facilities with no CO2 emissions
Natural gas facilities with no CO2 emissions
How can we burn natural gas without releasing CO2 into the air? This feat is achieved using a special combustion method that TU Wien has been researching for years: chemical looping combustion (CLC). In this process, CO2 can be isolated during combustion without having to use any additional energy, which means it can then go on to be stored.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 09.05.2017
A new tool to decipher evolutionary biology
A new tool to decipher evolutionary biology
A new bioinformatics tool to compare genome data has been developed by teams from the Max F. Perutz Laboratories, a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, together with researchers from Australia and Canada. The program called ‘ModelFinder' uses a fast algorithm and allows previously not attainable new insights into evolution.

Physics - Chemistry - 08.05.2017
Chemically tailored Graphene
Chemically tailored Graphene
Graphene is considered as one of the most promising new materials. However, the systematic insertion of chemically bound atoms and molecules to control its properties is still a major challenge. Now, for the first time, scientists of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, the University of Vienna, the Freie Universität Berlin and the University Yachay Tech in Ecuador succeeded in precisely verifying the spectral fingerprint of such compounds in both theory and experiment.

Environment - Administration - 04.05.2017
Austrian research institutions launch major initiative to assess the effects of extreme climatic events on the environment
Austrian research institutions launch major initiative to assess the effects of extreme climatic events on the environment
Under the leadership of the Environmental Sciences Research Network of the University of Vienna, the key national actors in long-term ecological research (LTER) join forces to establish a new infrastructure for the collection of environmental data. Funded by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG), the project aims to collect data on the effects of extreme climatic events on the carbon, water and nitrogen cycle in ecosystems by establishing six cutting-edge measurement sites.

This site uses cookies and analysis tools to improve the usability of the site. More information. |