Life Sciences

Results 1 - 20 of 248.
1 2 3 4 5 ... 13 Next »

Health - Life Sciences - 23.05.2023
Combination of two new biomarkers optimizes prognosis and therapy of MS
Combination of two new biomarkers optimizes prognosis and therapy of MS
The course of the chronic inflammatory nerve disease multiple sclerosis can vary greatly. Individualized therapies for MS sufferers require early and precise prediction of future disease activity. This is made possible by the combination of different biomarkers, as shown in a study by neuroimmunologist Harald Hegen at the University Clinic for Neurology.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 22.05.2023
New insights into the complex neurochemistry of ants
New insights into the complex neurochemistry of ants
Ants- brains are amazingly sophisticated organs that enable them to coordinate complex behaviour patterns such as the organisation of colonies. Now, a group of researchers led by Christian Gruber of MedUni Vienna's Institute of Pharmacology have developed a method that allows them to study ants- brain chemistry and gain insights into the insects- neurobiological processes.

Life Sciences - 17.05.2023
Genetic research offers new perspective on the early evolution of animals
Genetic research offers new perspective on the early evolution of animals
Mapping gene linkages provides clear-cut evidence for comb jellies as sibling group to all other animals A study published by University of Vienna and MBARI researchers and their collaborators today in Nature provides new insights about one of the earliest points in animal evolution that happened more than 700 million years ago.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 16.05.2023
Jaw shapes of 90 shark species show: Evolution driven by habitat
Jaw shapes of 90 shark species show: Evolution driven by habitat
Analysis using X-ray computed tomography and 3D reconstructions An international research team led by Faviel A. López-Romero of the University of Vienna investigated how the jaw shape of sharks has changed over the course of evolution.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.05.2023
Brain tumours in children: New methods established to improve diagnostics
Brain tumours are among the most common malignant diseases in children and make up the most frequent cause of cancer-related death in this age group due to their often highly aggressive progression. In their search for better treatment options, the research team headed by Johannes Gojo from MedUni Vienna's Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine has now succeeded in establishing two promising new methods that will make it much easier to diagnose, choose a therapy and monitor the response to treatment in future.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.04.2023
Pioneering MRI imaging method captures brain glucose metabolism without the need for administration of radioactive substances
Metabolic disorders play a central role in many common conditions, including Alzheimer's, depression, diabetes and cancer, which call for reliable as well as non-invasive diagnostic procedures. Until now, radioactive substances have been administered as part of the process of mapping glucose metabolism in the brain.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.04.2023
How evolution has influenced the shape of the brain
The connections between the structure of the brain and its function are a key focus of neuroscience. A new Medical University of Vienna study involving a team of international partners has been looking at evolution and its relationship with the capabilities of human and animal brain architecture. The findings showed that the shape of the brain has developed in parallel with the organ's function throughout the course of evolution.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 25.04.2023
TU Graz Researchers Produce Pseudouridine by means of Biocatalytic Synthesis
TU Graz Researchers Produce Pseudouridine by means of Biocatalytic Synthesis
By Falko Schoklitsch The new and patented method for the production of the important mRNA vaccine component pseudouridine is more efficient, sustainable and cost-effective than the previously used chemical synthesis. Researchers from the Institute of Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering at TU Graz and the Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (acib) have developed a novel method for the production of central components of mRNA vaccines and applied for a patent.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.04.2023
Ocean ecosystem: Mixotrophic microorganisms play key role
Ocean ecosystem: Mixotrophic microorganisms play key role
Previously unknown group of bacteria in the deep sea regulates energy balance A team of international researchers led by Federico Baltar of the University of Vienna and José M González of the University of La Laguna has identified a previously unknown group of bacteria, called UBA868, as key players in the energy cycle of the deep ocean.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.04.2023
Tiny plastic particles also find their way into the brain
Among the biggest environmental problems of our time, microand nanoplastic particles (MNPs) can enter the body in various ways, including through food. And now for the first time, research conducted at MedUni Vienna has shown how these minute particles manage to breach the blood-brain barrier and as a consequence penetrate the brain.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.03.2023
Vienna as the international research centre for ultrasound brain therapies
Medicine & Science In recent years, ultrasound brain therapies have gained importance worldwide and are considered a promising form of therapy for various neurological and psychiatric diseases. The Medical University of Vienna, together with the University of Toronto, plays a leading role in the development and research of applications for these new therapies.

Life Sciences - Microtechnics - 23.03.2023
Honeycomb for winter protection
Honeycomb for winter protection
Smart heating saves bees from cold death Up to a third of bee colonies worldwide die over the winter, often due to excessively low temperatures. In cooperation with the Swiss École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), the team of the Artificial Life Lab at the University of Graz has developed a high-tech honeycomb that can monitor the animals during the cold season and regulate the heat supply in the hive.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2023
DOC.FUNDS promotes doctoral studies in brain research
Studies & Further Education Carinthia University of Applied Sciences and the Medical University of Vienna have launched a cooperation project to address the sustainable interlinking of basic university research and applied brain research. Seven doctoral positions will be publicised for this purpose with research starting in the winter semester 2023/24.

Life Sciences - 03.03.2023
Dolphins 'sing' with the nose
Dolphins ’sing’ with the nose
Bioacoustic research on voice production reveals similarities between toothed whales and humans Voice production in toothed whales - which also include dolphins - follows a similar physical mechanism as in humans. This is the result of a recent study: Biophysicist and voice researcher Christian Herbst from the Department of Behavioral and Cognitive Biology at the University of Vienna comments on the results of this work in the renowned journal Science and emphasizes how important combined research approaches are in order to understand the acoustic world around us.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 28.02.2023
'Jurassic Shark' - shark from the Jurassic period already highly developed
’Jurassic Shark’ - shark from the Jurassic period already highly developed
Molecular biology phylogenetic tree provides new insights into cartilaginous fish evolution Cartilaginous fish have changed much more in the course of evolution than previously assumed. Evidence for this thesis was provided by molecular biological data on fossil remains of Protospinax annectans , an already highly evolved shark from the late Jurassic.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 23.02.2023
New CD Laboratory: Folding Proteins Correctly
New CD Laboratory: Folding Proteins Correctly
When proteins are produced in the pharmaceutical industry, they are often initially misfolded and have to be rearranged. At TU Wien, this is being studied in detail in a new CD laboratory . Certain proteins are among the most important products of the pharmaceutical industry - such as insulin or interferons, which are used to treat diabetes, cancer or viral diseases.

Life Sciences - 09.02.2023
Tyrol names newly discovered mushrooms
Tyrol names newly discovered mushrooms
A new genus of fungi and a previously unknown species of fungi have been named by Innsbruck mycologists after their place of discovery, Tyrol. Ursula Peintner and Martin Kirchmair from the Institute of Microbiology at the University of Innsbruck have named their new discoveries "Tyroliella" and "Penicillium tirolense".

Health - Life Sciences - 09.02.2023
Stem cell transplantation: Processes for the restoration of the immune system discovered
Medicine & Science In stem cell transplants, which are used for the treatment of leukaemia, the patient's haematopoietic system is eliminated and replaced by haematopoietic cells from donors. Even though the amount of complications occurring in this process is steadily decreasing due to medical progress, the exact mechanisms for the restoration of the immune system in these patients have not yet been conclusively clarified.

Life Sciences - 01.02.2023
How we make our way through crowds
How we make our way through crowds
A brain's own GPS helps us navigate by detecting the movements of fellow humans around us . Grid cells not only help us navigate our own paths in a complex environment, but also help us analyze the movements of other people, as scientists from the University of Vienna have now shown for the first time.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.01.2023
Evolution of epigenetics explored for the first time
Medicine & Science Christoph Bock's team at the CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine at the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Artificial Intelligence of MedUni Vienna established a catalog of DNA methylation across 580 animal species. These data ena-bled a detailed dissection of the evolution of epigenetic regulation and the epigenome.
1 2 3 4 5 ... 13 Next »